Kenya's Masai Mara National Reserve Is Home To An Adorable Polka-Dotted Zebra Foal


Rare zebra foal in Kenya's Masai Mara Reserve has polka dots instead of stripes (Credit: Frank Liu Photography)

The Masai Mara Reserve is one of Kenya's most popular tourist attractions. Every year, thousands of people flock to the national park to glimpse of a variety of wild animals, such as lions and cheetahs, or to witness the majestic annual migration of over 1.5 million wildebeests to and from neighboring Tanzania. However, this September's human "stampede" is due to an unexpected animal — a zebra foal with polka dots!

Anthony Tira, a local tour guide and photographer, was the first to notice the zebra's unusual pattern in mid-September. “At first I thought it was a zebra that had been captured and painted or marked for purposes of migration,” he told George Sayagie of the Daily Nation, a Kenyan newspaper. “I was confused when I first saw it.”

The foal's gorgeous coloring and markings is due to a genetic condition called pseudomelanism (Credit: Frank Liu Photography)

Hong Kong-based professional photographer Frank Liu had a similar reaction when he saw the animal a few days later. “At first glance, he looked like a different species altogether,” Liu told Forbes in an email. Upon closer examination, both Tira and Liu realized that the foal's stunning polka dots were probably the result of a pigment mutation.

Ren Larison, a biologist at the University of California, Los Angeles, believes the foal, nicknamed Tira, has a genetic condition known as “pseudomelanism." The expert says that the dark-skinned zebras obtain their stripes from specialized skin cells called melanocytes, which transfer melanin into some of their hairs. The parts that obtain the melanin appear black, while those that don't, look white. On rare occasions, however, the melanin transfers in a pattern that is different from the familiar stripes associated with zebras.

Zebras with unusual coloring ate easy targets for predators (Credit: Frank Liu Photography)

Though Tira is Masai Mara's first polka-dotted zebra, it is not the only one of its kind. A similar foal was caught on camera by a photographer at Botswana's Okavango Delta in 2014. Experts, who have also noticed other variants, including a "golden" zebra in Tanzania's Serengeti National Park in February 2019, believe the skin mutations may be more common than we realize. However, they are rarely seen because most abnormally patterned or colored zebras rarely survive to adulthood. Their striking looks, which do not blend in with the herd, make them easy targets for hungry lions or hyenas. Hopefully, little Tira, who is being closely monitored by the park's officials, will be able to buck the trend and delight visitors for many years.


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  • l78
    l78Friday, May 22, 2020 at 5:36 pm
    So cute.
    • unicorn_layla
      unicorn_laylaMonday, May 11, 2020 at 10:05 am
      and make sure the rare zebra does not get ate by a lion or hyenas
      • unicorn_layla
        unicorn_laylaMonday, May 11, 2020 at 10:01 am
        when the cute little baby zebra makes babies GIMME ONE PLZ
        • dabaer
          dabaerThursday, May 28, 2020 at 4:16 am
          I want one too! SO CUTE!
        • katt_me
          katt_meThursday, May 7, 2020 at 6:10 am
          Ok I need to see this adorableness in real life!!!
          • lioness9
            lioness9Wednesday, April 29, 2020 at 9:21 am
            I love him so so so cute!
            • lioness9
              lioness9Wednesday, April 29, 2020 at 9:17 am
              So cute 😍!
              • chandleraaru
                chandleraaruMonday, April 27, 2020 at 7:07 pm
                So CUTE ( black and white spotted). like if u agree.
                • c01e
                  c01eThursday, April 23, 2020 at 6:49 am
                  You said it !
                  • monsterkitty3
                    monsterkitty3Thursday, April 16, 2020 at 2:19 pm
                    It's so cute! :)
                    • southernsweetea
                      southernsweeteaMonday, April 13, 2020 at 2:35 pm
                      The polka-dotted zebra colt reminds me of an Appaloosa:) I really hope the Park Officials can keep Tira safe, I would love to see more zebras as striking as he is.
                      • unicorn_layla
                        unicorn_laylaMonday, May 11, 2020 at 10:20 am
                        true on that
                        • unicorn_layla
                          unicorn_laylaMonday, May 11, 2020 at 9:54 am
                          i took a picture of it and put it as my home page on my phone lol
                          • katt_me
                            katt_meThursday, May 7, 2020 at 6:11 am