It's Time To Fall Back! Set Your Clocks Back An Hour This Weekend


CCSS NCSS-1 588 Words 4-Minute Listen
November 1, 2020, marks the end of Daylight Saving Time this year (

Planning to stay up late on Halloween? Then you will be thrilled to hear that Sunday, November 1, 2020, marks the end of Daylight Saving Time (DST). This means that most Americans will add an extra 60 minutes of day time, by moving their clocks back. The simple act will effectively shift daylight back into the morning hours, and make waking up for school and work a little easier during the shorter winter days.

Benjamin Franklin was the first to suggest this odd ritual as a way to save candles in 1784. However, the famous polymath, who penned his idea in a letter to the Journal of Paris was not serious about making the change. But New Zealand entomologist George Hudson's 1895 request to manipulate the clock by two hours to obtain extra daylight to study insects was extremely sincere. Unfortunately, neither he nor British resident William Willett, who suggested it in 1907 to save electricity costs, got their wish.

In 1916, the German Empire became the first to implement DST to conserve fuel needed to produce weapons and bombs for World War I. A few other countries, including the USA and Great Britain, began changing their clocks shortly after. However, they all reverted to Standard Time when the war ended, only to reinstate it during World War II. While the US government repealed DST nationally once the conflict ended in 1945, it allowed states and districts to continue the tradition with start and stop dates of their own choosing.

DST was first imposed during World War I (Credit: Library of Congress)

This caused what Time Magazine called a “chaos of clocks.” By 1965, Iowa had 23 different pairs of DST start and end dates. St. Paul, MN, began DST two weeks earlier than its twin city, Minneapolis, MN, while passengers on a 35-mile bus ride from Steubenville, Ohio, to Moundsville, West Virginia, passed through seven-time changes! The Uniform Time Act of 1966 ended the confusion by establishing a single “Spring Forward” and “Fall Back” date for the entire nation. However, since the law was not mandatory, Hawaii, most of Arizona, and the US territories — Puerto Rico, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the US Virgin Islands — opted out.

The DST dates, initially set for the last Sundays in April and October, have since been changed several times. In 1986, President Ronald Reagan shifted 'Spring Forward' to the first weekend of April to enable Americans to enjoy longer days sooner. In 2005, President George W. Bush moved the DST start date to the second Sunday of March and extended the DST end date by a week to the first weekend of November.

DST is practiced in many countries worldwide (Credit:

Though observed by many countries worldwide, DST has always been somewhat controversial. Studies conducted by Michigan and Swedish scientists found that the disruption in sleep patterns caused by the "Spring Forward" time change led to a small increase in heart attacks. Researchers have also found a direct correlation between DST and driving and workplace accidents.

Over the years, there have been several attempts to get lawmakers to abolish DST, both in the US and Europe. However, most have fallen on deaf ears. Hence, unless you live in a state that does not practice DST, you have no choice but to enjoy the bonus hour this weekend! Health experts suggest the best way to adjust is to go to bed at your regular time, even if the day is an hour longer. They also recommend exercising, so be sure to use Sunday's bonus time for a fun outdoor activity, like biking, running, or hiking.

Happy Fall Back!


Get the Workbook for this article!

Workbook contains: Article, Reading Comprehension, Critical Thinking Questions, Vocabulary in Context (+ answers), Multiple Choice Quiz (+ answers), Parts of Speech Quiz (+ answers), Vocabulary Game (+ answers)
Cite Article
  • x_foxphionex_x
    x_foxphionex_xThursday, November 12, 2020 at 8:25 am
    • artsysunflower3
      artsysunflower3Friday, January 29, 2021 at 6:15 pm
      but more sleep!!
    • wakandaqueen18
      wakandaqueen18Tuesday, November 10, 2020 at 7:18 pm
      this morning i woke up at 6 AM in the morning but it was five am tricks but i do like a good 1 hour 30 mins of sleep
      • dagamer_boii3
        dagamer_boii3Tuesday, November 10, 2020 at 10:56 am
        M O R E S L E E P ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Y A Y ! ! !
        • cool_dogs
          cool_dogsTuesday, November 10, 2020 at 7:32 am
          • home_girl242
            home_girl242Monday, November 9, 2020 at 10:37 am
            i get that i get to sleep more but it is so complex!!
            • lawpeagamer
              lawpeagamerFriday, November 6, 2020 at 7:35 am
              that tricked me lol it was super dark i had no idea that we had to set our clocks back a hour
              • playeropro1
                playeropro1Monday, November 9, 2020 at 12:30 pm
                i was like" did i wake up at five again?"
                • sydney_zepp
                  sydney_zeppSunday, November 8, 2020 at 3:36 pm
                  We forgot about it too, lol😂
                • 21smartcow74
                  21smartcow74Wednesday, November 4, 2020 at 7:52 pm
                  Day-light-savings=1 extra hour before school
                  • nellie01
                    nellie01Thursday, November 5, 2020 at 1:38 pm
                    that is not entirely true. you school starts at the same time so unless you get up one hour earlier you don't get an extra hour.
                  • kkaitlina
                    kkaitlinaWednesday, November 4, 2020 at 5:35 am
                    I cannot do that cause I’m Chinese
                    • sydney_zepp
                      sydney_zeppWednesday, November 4, 2020 at 1:12 pm
                      Are you in China? It's pretty amazing how many different countries come on this website!
                      • kkaitlina
                        kkaitlinaWednesday, November 4, 2020 at 5:35 am
                        It’s real cool
                      • peachy_pup10
                        peachy_pup10Tuesday, November 3, 2020 at 5:59 pm
                        Daylight savings time=more sleep? XD I forgot it was Daylight savings time a few days ago so I was really confused when I found out I woke up an hour earlier than I thought.
                        • sydney_zepp
                          sydney_zeppWednesday, November 4, 2020 at 1:12 pm
                          My family didn't even know it was on Sunday😂 they woke up early by mistake.
                          • heyheygirl
                            heyheygirlThursday, December 3, 2020 at 5:38 pm
                            I go to bed at 9, and wake up at 7.
                            • sydney_zepp
                              sydney_zeppSunday, December 6, 2020 at 10:34 am
                              I go to bed at 9 or 9:30 and wake up at 7:30 or 8:00 sometimes 9:00. I'm homeschooled tho, so I can just kinda do my school whenever and it takes me about 2-3 hours, sometimes less if I'm lucky. The quickest I've finished is probably 10 mins depending on how many lessons are assigned to me.
                            • science_lover
                              science_loverThursday, November 12, 2020 at 8:06 am
                              That happened in the begging of quarantine, I woke up early. I didn’t have any school that day. LOL 😂
                          • peachy_pup10
                            peachy_pup10Tuesday, November 3, 2020 at 5:51 pm
                            Daylight savings time=more sleep? xd a few days ago after we set our clocks back an hour and I forgot that it was daylight savings time so I was really confused when I found out it was an hour earlier than I thought.