NASA's X-57 Maxwell Plane Designed To Pave The Way For Future All-Electric Aircraft

By

CCSS NAS-5
An artist's concept of NASA's first all-electric X-57 Maxwell in its final configuration (Credit: NASA)

NASA's X-plane program, established in 1946 to test and evaluate new technologies and aerodynamic concepts, began with the launch of the X-1 — the first plane to break the sound barrier. Since then, the endeavor has led to numerous industry breakthroughs, including the first supersonic and hypersonic flights, and the first crewed suborbital flight.

Now, the US space agency is using its technological prowess to build efficient electric planes that will help commercial airlines to achieve their goal of a 50 percent reduction in carbon dioxide emissions by 2050. On March 27, 2020, NASA released the first concept images of the fourth and final configuration of its all-electric X-57 Maxwell. When ready, the first manned X-plane in over 20 years promises a 500% increase in "high-speed cruise efficiency" over conventional airplanes, while producing zero emissions and less noise pollution.

The zero-emissions X57 Maxwell will be substantially more efficient than conventional aircraft (Credit: NASA)

In development since 2016, the X-57 Maxwell — nicknamed after 19th-century physicist James Clerk Maxwell, who specialized in electromagnetism — began its life as a four-seater conventional aircraft. Since then, it has undergone several iterations, all designed to make the plane more efficient.

The latest rendition, developed by a team of NASA engineers, researchers, and pilots, will feature 14 electric motors. Twelve small high-lift engines with foldable propellers will be fitted along the edge of the aircraft's wings, while two large propellers, with a diameter of 5 feet each, will sit at the wingtips. The smaller motors, which will deactivate once the aircraft is airborne, will allow the X-57 to take off and land smoothly, while the two at the edge of the wings will keep it airborne. The NASA team believes the configuration will make the aircraft much more efficient than conventional planes and allow it to cover longer distances than current all-electric planes.

The X57-Maxwell technology will provide a blueprint for commercial electric airplanes (Credit: NASA)

NASA's principal investigator Sean Clarke told Business Insider that they decided to require a pilot, after two decades of autonomous X-planes, because having an experienced aviator on board will allow them to identify and resolve issues efficiently.

However, those hoping for a ride on the aircraft will be disappointed given that it will only have room for one. According to Clarke, the rest of the cabin will be occupied by instruments and two 400-pound lithium-ion battery packs that will provide the aircraft with 23 kilowatt-hours of power! Fortunately, the X-57 Maxwell's design is meant to serve as a blueprint for commercial aircraft, which means that "green" planes with room for all may soon be a reality!

Resources: Nasa.gov, Businessinsider.com, NewAtlas.com

Get the Workbook for this article!

Workbook contains: Article, Reading Comprehension, Critical Thinking Questions, Vocabulary in Context (+ answers), Multiple Choice Quiz (+ answers), Parts of Speech Quiz (+ answers), Vocabulary Game (+ answers)
Cite Article
66 Comments
  • rjisnoice
    rjisnoiceTuesday, April 21, 2020 at 10:33 am
    That plane is cool and electric but also the battery making for that plane is also hurting the environment too!
    • lolipoperz
      lolipoperzTuesday, April 21, 2020 at 9:22 am
      Wow I love planes there so hight😃😂
      • ticher
        ticherTuesday, April 28, 2020 at 7:24 am
        I agree. I also love getting high!
        • rand
          randSaturday, May 9, 2020 at 2:52 pm
          me to i would like to be a pilot
          • thernsi
            thernsiFriday, May 1, 2020 at 7:07 pm
            That sounds so wrong
        • william3571
          william3571Tuesday, April 21, 2020 at 7:15 am
          Hope they are world wide soon
          • kevinthegreate
            kevinthegreateMonday, April 20, 2020 at 9:00 am
            so cool
            • iamfanofbears
              iamfanofbearsSunday, April 19, 2020 at 9:37 am
              It must have been really scary in the bus crash.
              • dogfuntime
                dogfuntimeSaturday, April 18, 2020 at 5:24 pm
                You think that's cool. Well I once had a Bus crash. And I survived it. 🏨🚫
                • carlett
                  carlettThursday, April 23, 2020 at 3:04 am
                  lucky
                  • dogfuntime
                    dogfuntimeSaturday, April 18, 2020 at 5:24 pm
                    And it's true.
                  • augy
                    augyThursday, April 16, 2020 at 1:09 pm
                    cool It is inviormentally friendly
                    • athenacat16
                      athenacat16Thursday, April 16, 2020 at 9:49 am
                      But the design is cool
                      • athenacat16
                        athenacat16Thursday, April 16, 2020 at 9:49 am
                        More men then women made it!
                        • bodih
                          bodihThursday, April 23, 2020 at 8:02 am
                          No more men made it than woumen
                          • aj231561
                            aj231561Friday, April 17, 2020 at 4:07 pm
                            sure did it was a mans idea
                          • baseball14
                            baseball14Tuesday, April 14, 2020 at 3:23 pm
                            looks hard to build