Scientists Discover The Origins Of A 23-Million-Year-Old Asteroid That Hit Earth


CCSS NAS-4 424 Words 3-Minute Listen
A fragment of asteroid 2018 LA recovered in Central Kalahari Game Reserve in central Botswana (Credit: SETI Institute)

While scientists have managed to recover and examine thousands of meteorites, finding their origin or even whether they are from icy comets or rocky asteroids has proved elusive. Now, for the first time, a team of international researchers has traced the source of a boulder-sized rock that landed in Botswana to an asteroid named Vesta. Boasting a diameter of about 326 miles, it is one of the largest and brightest rocks in the asteroid belt that circles the Sun between Jupiter and Mars.

The meteorite, called 2018 LA, was first spotted zooming towards Earth at about 37,000 mph by the University of Arizona's Sky Survey telescope — which regularly scans the skies for hazardous objects — on June 2, 2018. A mere few hours later, the space rock barrelled across the Botswana skies, burned up in the atmosphere, and transformed into a spectacular fireball before crash-landing in the Central Kalahari Game Reserve.

The SkyMapper telescope captured clear images of asteroid 2018 LA in transit (Credit: ANU)

Following the impact, SETI Institute meteor astronomer and study leader Peter Jenniskens reached out to the Australian National University (ANU) to see if their SkyMapper telescope — used to study black holes— had any footage of the meteorite. To his delight, the powerful telescope had captured 2018 LA's final moments as it broke through the Earth's atmosphere. The icing on the cake was the meteor's fiery descent captured by the Central Kalahari Game Reserve's surveillance camera.

The footage from the three cameras, along with an analysis of the 24 fragments of the space rock recovered— all of which belonged to a class of Howardite-Eucrite-Diogenite (HED) meteorites — led the scientists to conclude that the space rock originated from Vesta. The researchers, who published their findings in the journal Meteoritics and Planetary Science on April 23, 2021, believe that 2018 LA broke away from Vesta nearly 23 million years ago when the asteroid was hit by another space object. The small chunk drifted across the solar system before being drawn in by the Earth's gravitational pull and plummeting to the ground in 2018.

The Catalina Sky Survey image (top left) and the 24 fragments of 2018 LA recovered (Credit: Peter Jenniskens)

“Because the team tracked the rock from space all the way down to the impact site, they were able to calculate a very precise orbit that is consistent with an origin near Vesta, providing one of the best links we have between an asteroid and meteorites,” Ashley King, a planetary scientist at the Natural History Museum, who was not involved in the study, told The Guardian. “Knowing where meteorites come from gives us context for how they formed and is really important for understanding the history of our solar system.”


Get the Workbook for this article!

Workbook contains: Article, Reading Comprehension, Critical Thinking Questions, Vocabulary in Context (+ answers), Multiple Choice Quiz (+ answers), Parts of Speech Quiz (+ answers), Vocabulary Game (+ answers)
Cite Article
  • lightningmaster
    lightningmasterThursday, July 29, 2021 at 12:25 am
    maybe earth ate its pizza
    • uzumaki_chan
      uzumaki_chanMonday, July 19, 2021 at 10:03 am
      Omg I hope everyone is ok
      • sinkuli
        sinkuliFriday, July 2, 2021 at 9:02 am
        Wow. I hope no was injured. Other planets have gravitational pulls, right? So why did it come to earth? Some planets have a higher gravitational pull than earth!
        • darklight_rp
          darklight_rpThursday, July 15, 2021 at 10:45 pm
          it was angry with the earth
          • xnestorio
            xnestorioTuesday, July 20, 2021 at 10:19 am
            Maybe the earth stole its ice cream. XD LOLZ!!!!!
            • kittendragon
              kittendragonFriday, July 23, 2021 at 5:47 pm
              Haha hahaha funny! It is National ice Cream month!
        • angelachang
          angelachangSunday, June 20, 2021 at 10:49 pm
          wow! the astroid is so old!
        • spaceexpert487
          spaceexpert487Wednesday, June 16, 2021 at 6:50 am
          • spaceexpert487
            spaceexpert487Wednesday, June 16, 2021 at 6:21 am
            wow, cool :D
            • khanzshakib
              khanzshakibTuesday, June 15, 2021 at 5:03 pm
              • harrisonminac
                harrisonminacMonday, June 14, 2021 at 7:49 pm
                • harrisonminac
                  harrisonminacMonday, June 14, 2021 at 7:44 pm
                  I like turtles :]
                  • uzumaki_chan
                    uzumaki_chanMonday, July 19, 2021 at 10:12 am
                    I like wolves foxes and turtles :D I like a ton of animals
                    • kittendragon
                      kittendragonFriday, July 23, 2021 at 5:52 pm
                      I like wolf's, Fox's,Dragons,kittens
                    • darklight_rp
                      darklight_rpThursday, July 15, 2021 at 10:45 pm
                      Me too!!!
                    • harrisonminac
                      harrisonminacMonday, June 14, 2021 at 7:43 pm