Scientists Discover The Origins Of A 23-Million-Year-Old Asteroid That Hit Earth

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A fragment of asteroid 2018 LA recovered in Central Kalahari Game Reserve in central Botswana (Credit: SETI Institute)

While scientists have managed to recover and examine thousands of meteorites, finding their origin or even whether they are from icy comets or rocky asteroids has proved elusive. Now, for the first time, a team of international researchers has traced the source of a boulder-sized rock that landed in Botswana to an asteroid named Vesta. Boasting a diameter of about 326 miles, it is one of the largest and brightest rocks in the asteroid belt that circles the Sun between Jupiter and Mars.

The meteorite, called 2018 LA, was first spotted zooming towards Earth at about 37,000 mph by the University of Arizona's Sky Survey telescope — which regularly scans the skies for hazardous objects — on June 2, 2018. A mere few hours later, the space rock barrelled across the Botswana skies, burned up in the atmosphere, and transformed into a spectacular fireball before crash-landing in the Central Kalahari Game Reserve.

The SkyMapper telescope captured clear images of asteroid 2018 LA in transit (Credit: ANU)

Following the impact, SETI Institute meteor astronomer and study leader Peter Jenniskens reached out to the Australian National University (ANU) to see if their SkyMapper telescope — used to study black holes— had any footage of the meteorite. To his delight, the powerful telescope had captured 2018 LA's final moments as it broke through the Earth's atmosphere. The icing on the cake was the meteor's fiery descent captured by the Central Kalahari Game Reserve's surveillance camera.

The footage from the three cameras, along with an analysis of the 24 fragments of the space rock recovered— all of which belonged to a class of Howardite-Eucrite-Diogenite (HED) meteorites — led the scientists to conclude that the space rock originated from Vesta. The researchers, who published their findings in the journal Meteoritics and Planetary Science on April 23, 2021, believe that 2018 LA broke away from Vesta nearly 23 million years ago when the asteroid was hit by another space object. The small chunk drifted across the solar system before being drawn in by the Earth's gravitational pull and plummeting to the ground in 2018.

The Catalina Sky Survey image (top left) and the 24 fragments of 2018 LA recovered (Credit: Peter Jenniskens)

“Because the team tracked the rock from space all the way down to the impact site, they were able to calculate a very precise orbit that is consistent with an origin near Vesta, providing one of the best links we have between an asteroid and meteorites,” Ashley King, a planetary scientist at the Natural History Museum, who was not involved in the study, told The Guardian. “Knowing where meteorites come from gives us context for how they formed and is really important for understanding the history of our solar system.”

Resources: Livescience.com, Guardian.com, BusinessInsider.com

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127 Comments
  • scarscar28
    scarscar28Tuesday, June 8, 2021 at 10:29 am
    this is so cool i love it right now it changed my mind to loveeee space it is so fasinating going in to 5 grade in stepyember
    • noitsyolobuthwa
      noitsyolobuthwaMonday, June 7, 2021 at 9:00 am
      Woah😳
      • merdoglover
        merdogloverSunday, June 6, 2021 at 3:56 pm
        Did u no that the dinosaurs probably didn't get hit by the asteroid . they could have died by volcano.also the dinosaurs would've died but the pleisiasaur and the others would survive because the live in ocean maybe the megaldon is still alive.!!!!!!!
        • sharkgirl986
          sharkgirl986Monday, June 14, 2021 at 5:28 pm
          yep! I love Sharks! did you know that sharks were on earth WAAAAY befor dinosoars?
          • spacefan212713
            spacefan212713Saturday, June 12, 2021 at 9:52 pm
            Yeah You could be right merdoglover!!
            • addison_angle98
              addison_angle98Friday, June 11, 2021 at 11:32 am
              You are right I watched a video before telling me in space scientists found LIVING things in space. Also, they think someday maybe humans like us may be possible to live there.
              • spacefan212713
                spacefan212713Saturday, June 12, 2021 at 9:55 pm
                Everybody listen i like space and that is why my username say that!!!like if agree
            • buddy8642
              buddy8642Sunday, June 6, 2021 at 2:01 pm
              But I missed it:(
              • wolfsnake
                wolfsnakeFriday, June 4, 2021 at 3:01 pm
                SOOOOOO COOOOOLLLLL I LOVEEEE SPACE SOOOOOO MUCH
                • msmarvelaar6
                  msmarvelaar6Friday, June 4, 2021 at 1:14 pm
                  Wow in the vid you can see the asteroid!
                  • lotte
                    lotteFriday, June 4, 2021 at 11:34 am
                    WOW
                    • thenicedude02
                      thenicedude02Friday, June 4, 2021 at 10:20 am
                      Cooool!
                      • jjema
                        jjemaFriday, June 4, 2021 at 8:21 am
                        I'm recording
                        • jjema
                          jjemaFriday, June 4, 2021 at 8:22 am
                          Yay
                        • me-is-me
                          me-is-meThursday, June 3, 2021 at 8:16 am
                          hello, Umm, thats cool. I missed the blood moon though lol. :(
                          • sasukenaruto
                            sasukenarutoWednesday, June 9, 2021 at 7:26 am
                            I'm so sorry to hear that I missed it too