Scientists Attempt To Re-Program Human Cells

By Meera Dolasia on January 3, 2011

Word Search

What if a blood cell from your body could step in and take the place of a weak muscle cell? If that was possible, cells from a different part of the heart, could be programmed to substitute for weak heart muscles, helping a person suffering from a heart attack or better still, take over diseased cells in a person with cancer.

While this may sound futuristic and even impossible, scientists believe that they are getting closer than they have ever been in training cells from different parts of the body to substitute for each other. According to the experts, this is not as radical as it sounds since all they are doing is accelerating what happens in the body naturally - that is, turning versatile immature cells into more mature, specialized ones.

The quest to try getting cells to be able to multi-task is not new. In 2007, scientists successfully turned back the clock with a two-step process that involved turning mature cells into early embryonic stem cells. Then, in the lab, they turned them into whatever specialized cells were needed for transplant.

However, this two-step process was not only inefficient and much more difficult than had been thought, but also, did not seem to work so well, since the cells developed from them did not mature well and were therefore, not as effective. The scientists have therefore changed courses and decided to try a direct conversion approach - that is go from one specialized cell to another - And so far, the results look encouraging.

In 2008, researchers were successful in converting one kind of pancreatic cell into another in living mice. In 2009, they made another breakthrough when then were able to convert mouse skin cells into nerve and heart muscle cells. The biggest success came in 2010, when they turned skin cells into early stage blood cells.

The theory behind cell transformations is based on one simple fact - Every cell of an individual's body carries the same DNA code. They all however do different things depending on which genes within the cells are active. So, to convert a cell, all the scientists have to do is activate the ones they want with the help of chemical signals.

The tricky part of course is to get those chemical signals absolutely right, which as you can imagine is not that easy. Also, even if scientists do make it foolproof there are still plenty of issues to consider - Will the lab generated cells work as effectively inside the human body and more importantly, are they safe or will they turn rogue later and cause harm?

As with any new scientific breakthroughs, there are still a lot of unknowns but the fact that scientists have even come this far makes it quite exciting, doesn't it?

Sources: pysorg.com, sfgate.com

Listen to the Article: Play Audio

Create MLA, Chicago, or APA Website Citation

Create a website citation for this article. We support MLA8, MLA7, APA, and Chicago citation formats.

VocabularyPlay Game

embryonicrogueversatile
361 Comments
to use your custom avatar.
  • hjbThursday, March 16, 2017 at 5:49 am
    that is cool
    • Alyssa Moses Thursday, January 12, 2017 at 4:50 pm
      Super cool!🦄🙀🍰
      • Ohh Yeah😏Monday, January 9, 2017 at 11:50 am
        Hey, that's pretty good.🙂
        • Alyssa MosesMonday, January 9, 2017 at 6:02 am
          That is cool.
          • Alyssa MosesMonday, January 9, 2017 at 5:57 am
            I did not not know this. It is so cool🦄😍
            • HAHAHAimsingleFriday, November 11, 2016 at 10:41 am
              Helpful!! Very cool. Evryone go eat some Bekfast
              • BeckfastFriday, November 11, 2016 at 10:39 am
                It was very helpful
                • MeFriday, November 11, 2016 at 7:47 am
                  I think that this is very fasinating but would cause more issues than help
                  • Person Friday, November 11, 2016 at 7:45 am
                    Do you know im FAMOUS🌚
                    • Person Friday, November 11, 2016 at 7:44 am
                      I ❤️Bubbles

                      Recent Comments

                      snail22 wrote:

                      I read this and all it did was m...
                      National Donut Day Is On Friday,...

                      po wrote:

                      funny bro dudes
                      Thousands of Pikachus Take Over ...

                      Our Apps and Plugins

                      ALA