Yes, Your Dog Does Understand You!

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Eddie, one of the study’s participants with his two toys – “monkey” and “piggy” (Credit: Gregory Berns/Emory University)

Most dog owners are convinced that their four-legged friends know exactly what they mean when they use certain words like sit, stay, or treat. However, researchers have always wondered whether canines really understand human speech or if they rely on other clues to deduce the meaning. For example, does the word “fetch” conjure up an image of a stick or ball in the dog’s mind, or does the pooch retrieve the object based on cues such as the owner’s tone or gesture? A new study by scientists at Atlanta’s Emory University seems to indicate that “man’s best friend” is not faking it – he/she does indeed know what the owner is saying.

“Many dog owners think that their dogs know what some words mean, but there really isn’t much scientific evidence to support that. We wanted to get data from the dogs themselves — not just owner reports,” said Ashley Prichard, a Ph.D. at Emory’s Department of Psychology and the study’s first author.

Graph (Credit: Emory University/frontiersin.org)

The researchers began by asking the owners of twelve dogs of various breeds to train their pets to identify two toys with different textures - such as a stuffed animal and a ball - by name. Once the dogs had mastered the task, they took turns inside a functional magnetic resonance imaging scanner (fMRI). The owners then tested their pooch’s language prowess by first calling out the names of the toys they had been trained to recognize and then saying meaningless words such as “bobbu” and “bodmick” while holding up random objects the dogs hadn’t seen before.

The fMRI scans revealed that the regions of the dogs’ brains responsible for auditory processing showed different brain patterns when they heard words they were familiar with, compared with the ones they had never encountered before. While not enough to prove that the dogs were picturing their toys when they heard the word, it did indicate some sort of recognition. The researchers believe this is an important step forward in understanding how dogs process language.

All the participants of the study with their toys (Credit: Emory University/frontiersin.org)

Even more intriguing was that the dog’s brains showed a higher level of neural activity at the sound of unknown words. This is the exact opposite of what happens in human brains, which get more active at the sound of familiar words. The researchers hypothesize the dogs may be perking up at the sound of new words to try to understand them in the hopes of delighting their masters. "Dogs ultimately want to please their owners, and perhaps also receive praise or food," says Emory neuroscientist Gregory Burns, senior author of the study.

However, though your pet may understand human speech, the scientists recommend using visual and scent cues for training. “When people want to teach their dog a trick, they often use a verbal command because that’s what we humans prefer,” Prichard says. “From the dog’s perspective, however, a visual command might be more effective, helping the dog learn the trick faster.”

Resources: cbsnews.com, gizmondo.com, fmri.org, earthsky.org

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auditorycaninesconjureconvincedcuesdeduceencounteredgesturehypothesizeintriguingmasteredneuralperspectiveprowessrandomrecognitionrecommendretrievetexturesultimatelyvisual
2062 Comments
  • vsco_66
    vsco_66Monday, November 18, 2019 at 5:32 pm
    this was a good article for my science project thank you dogo news!
    • bagels
      bagelsSaturday, November 16, 2019 at 5:44 pm
      I knew that our canine companions could hear us and know what we were saying i thought that One day we would all know they could hear us 🙂
      • soccerdog13
        soccerdog13Saturday, November 16, 2019 at 9:55 am
        Cool! The dogs are so adorable!
        • ocean_lover_55
          ocean_lover_55Friday, November 15, 2019 at 1:41 pm
          Cute!💕
          • redrainbow23
            redrainbow23Friday, November 15, 2019 at 7:37 am
            nice
            • bluegoon14
              bluegoon14Thursday, November 14, 2019 at 7:45 am
              cool
              • nymeria8105
                nymeria8105Wednesday, November 13, 2019 at 1:46 pm
                i love dogs and my husky does not Liston so this helped
                • am-olm1
                  am-olm1Tuesday, November 12, 2019 at 10:45 am
                  Cool!
                  • BruhSunday, November 10, 2019 at 9:02 am
                    okay Boi i don't want to read this thing for a homework assignment! to long
                    • am-olm1
                      am-olm1Tuesday, November 12, 2019 at 10:44 am
                      It is not to long!
                    • AudreeOabornWednesday, November 6, 2019 at 8:33 am
                      I love dogs so much. I have two right now. One is little and one is big. I dont know why but i just love dogs but the worst thang about it is that if i see a dog or a cat on the road i feel really bad.