How Friday The 13th Got Its Spooky Reputation

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Tomorrow is Friday the 13th. While the dreaded combination evokes feelings of unease even among non-believers, for the superstitious, it is the unluckiest day of the year. Their intense fear, dubbed friggatriskaidekaphobia, leads to symptoms that range from mild anxiety to a nagging suspicion of bad luck to full-blown panic attacks. While some of the trepidation can be attributed to the namesake movie series, the day’s ill-fated reputation was well-established long before Jason Voorhees, the film’s hockey-masked villain, first appeared on the big screen in 1980.

Some experts think it all starts with the fear of 13 or Triskaidekaphobia. According to University of Delaware associate policy professor Thomas Fernsler, 13 is considered unlucky because it follows the “perfect” number 12. There are, after all, 12 months in a year, 12 zodiac signs, 12 tribes of Israel, 12 apostles of Jesus, etcetera.

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Folklore historian David Dorsey attributes the number’s bad reputation to a myth from the time when the Vikings occupied Scandinavia. A dozen gods were enjoying a quiet dinner party in Valhalla, the mythological Norse heaven, when Loki, the god of mischief, walked in uninvited. According to the legend, he instigated Hoder, the blind god of darkness, into killing Balder, the god of joy and gladness. Dorsey says to this day, Nordic residents avoid dinner parties with 13 guests, for fear that one of them will end up dead.

Legend has it that US President Franklin D. Roosevelt hated the date so much that he never traveled on the 13th nor invited just 13 guests to a meal. American author and humorist Mark Twain became a believer after he was left starving as the 13th guest at a party that had catered food for only 12. The French even go as far as 'renting' a special 14th guest, or quatorzieme, to avert bad luck.

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Friday has its own set of problems. According to the Bible, Jesus was crucified on this day. While the date was not the 13th, it was shortly after his final meal, the “Last Supper,” which featured 13 guests, including Judas Iscariot, the apostle who betrayed Jesus to the Sanhedrin for 30 silver coins. Some biblical scholars think that it was on a Friday that Eve tempted Adam with the forbidden fruit, though the date is unknown. The only historical event believed to have occurred on Friday the 13th is the slaying of Adam and Eve’s son Abel by his brother Cain. A more recent tragedy was the sinking of the Costa Concordia, the world’s largest passenger ship, on Friday, January 13th, 2012.

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Experts estimate that American businesses lose as much as $900 million every time the 13th falls on a Friday because many people avoid getting on airplanes or making substantial purchases like a home or car. Though bad for the economy, the irrational fear does benefit non-believers. Airlines often offer discounted fares and many retail stores have special deals to attract customers to stores. So, instead of cowering in fear, use the dreaded day to firm up your summer travel or buy the game you have been eyeing for so long.

Happy Friday The 13th


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Reading Comprehension (11 questions)

  1. What do the superstitious think of Friday the 13th?
  2. What is the name given to the fear of Friday the 13th?

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What, if anything, are you superstitious about? How you do overcome your...


Vocabulary in Context

“Though bad for the economy, the irrational fear does benefit non-believers.”

In the above sentence, the word irrational most likely means:

(a) not in accordance with reason;...

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  • KitKatFriday, November 9, 2018 at 9:45 am
    pretty cool.
    • alexis Wednesday, November 7, 2018 at 10:32 am
      i do not believe in this stuff ......
      • london1000
        london1000Friday, November 2, 2018 at 12:00 pm
        That’s so scary!! Hope nothing ever happens to me!
        • shootingstars
          shootingstarsFriday, November 2, 2018 at 9:12 am
          Last year my sisters birthday was on Friday the 13
          • shootingstars
            shootingstarsFriday, November 2, 2018 at 9:12 am
            Nothing bad happened!
          • zetty
            zettyFriday, November 2, 2018 at 7:41 am
            I mean Jason is scary and all but Friday the 13 has all ways been my worst day of the year I scared me and one time in class on Friday the 13 all the windows opened and the doors open then closed super creepy right
            • fanofjeffhardy
              fanofjeffhardyFriday, November 2, 2018 at 6:36 am
              it my fav day of the year
              • fanofjeffhardy
                fanofjeffhardyFriday, November 2, 2018 at 6:35 am
                i love Friday the 13th i love scary things like jason
                • ajg15
                  ajg15Thursday, November 1, 2018 at 8:37 pm
                  Why is it only a big deal if it's on a friday?
                  • ajg15
                    ajg15Thursday, November 1, 2018 at 8:30 pm
                    Aww that black cat in that 1st picture is.ADORABLE
                    • shootingstars
                      shootingstarsFriday, November 2, 2018 at 9:09 am
                      IKR! So cute!
                    • SavageCabageNZLTuesday, October 30, 2018 at 1:34 pm
                      nothing wrong with Friday the 13th in my opinion

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