New Mexico, Vermont, And Maine Replace Columbus Day With Indigenous Peoples' Day


US cities and states are increasingly renaming Columbus Day to Indigenous Peoples' Day (Credit:

Celebrated annually on the second Monday in October, Columbus Day honors Italian explorer Christopher Columbus's discovery of America. However, the federal holiday, which will be observed on October 14, 2019, has long drawn criticism due to the European settlers' brutal treatment of the Native American people. It has also been argued that America had already been "discovered" by the indigenous people when Columbus arrived.

Hence, Columbus Day, which has been unofficially celebrated since 1792 and a national holiday since 1934, has always been somewhat controversial. Some states like Oregon, Iowa, and Nebraska have never observed it. South Dakota renamed it "Native American Day" in 1990, while Hawaii has called the holiday "Discoverers' Day" — in honor of the state’s Polynesian founders — since 1988. As public awareness has increased, numerous schools and universities across the country have also stopped marking the event. A 2015 survey conducted by the Pew Research Center found that Columbus Day was the most inconsistently-observed US holiday.

New Mexico, Vermont, and Maine became the latest states to adopt Indigenous Peoples' Day (Credit:

Even so, many people were still upset that Columbus Day remained an official federal holiday. A 1977 delegation of Native nations at the International Conference on Discrimination Against Indigenous Populations in the Americas proposed renaming Columbus Day to "Indigenous Peoples’ Day." They believed renaming the holiday would help honor the victims of American colonization.

Though the resolution passed by an overwhelming majority, it took 15 years for the first city — Berkeley, CA — to rename Columbus Day to Indigenous Peoples’ Day in 1992. The coastal city of Santa Cruz, CA, followed shortly after, in 1994. The movement lost steam again until 2014, when Minneapolis, MN, Grand Rapids, MN, and Seattle, WA, decided to adopt the change. Since then, over 70 cities and states, as well as numerous universities nationwide, have switched to the new name. In 2019, three more states —New Mexico, Vermont, and Maine — voted in the name change as well.

Dia De La Raza celebrates Hispanic heritage and culture (Credit: Sociedad Dominicana de Cardiologia/Facebook)

The movement has also gained ground in Latin America. Argentina, Colombia, Chile, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Honduras, Mexico, and Uruguay have all renamed Columbus Day to “Dia de la Raza,” or “Day of the Race." It celebrates Latin America's mixed indigenous and European heritage and culture. In Venezuela and Nicaragua, the day is referred to as"Dia de la Resistencia Indígena," or "Indigenous Resistance Day," in acknowledgment of the past and ongoing struggles of the indigenous population.

As would be expected, not everyone believes a name change is necessary. Italian Americans, who have made Columbus Day the centerpiece of Italian Heritage Month, celebrated throughout October, argue the holiday honors the history of immigration, not the explorer. They, therefore, believe the name should be retained or changed to something more suitable, like Italian Heritage Day. What do you think? Be sure to let us know by adding your comments below.


Cite Article
Vocabulary List
acknowledgmentawarenesscenterpiece conductedcontroversialcriticismculturedelegationheritagehonorhonorsinconsistentlyindigenousnecessary numerousoverwhelmingproposedresolutionretained
  • Area 51 Thursday, October 17, 2019 at 2:32 pm
    i like it because its really cool
    • spalshdown435
      spalshdown435Thursday, October 17, 2019 at 2:31 pm
      the picture is cute!❤📜
      • nazyahThursday, October 17, 2019 at 1:55 pm
        i agree with you enigma you inspier me
        • MuahThursday, October 17, 2019 at 1:43 pm
          • elizabethThursday, October 17, 2019 at 11:13 am
            this is acually cool
            • EnigmaWednesday, October 16, 2019 at 6:32 pm
              The Indigenous people should definitely be celebrated, but Columbus had some pretty inspiring things in his story. I know it ain't an excuse for how he and many other people treated the first natives, but it doesn't mean we need to forget the inspiring things that Columbus did do. Why can't you just celebrate them both? Meh, I'm Canadian. I don't think we even celebrate Columbus day
              • enderborg
                enderborgWednesday, October 16, 2019 at 6:24 pm
                If Columbus did not accidently find the U.S, than Europe would have never colonized it, which means than a ton of current Americans would have never been there. Then, again, he treated the true Americans like slaves, so that is something, too. I honestly think that Columbus should get little praise. By little, I mean little!
                • EnigmaWednesday, October 16, 2019 at 6:21 pm
                  I think that the indigenous people should be celebrated, but, Columbus did have some inspiring parts to his story. It wasn't all easygoing for him. But hey, I'm Canadian so it doesn't really affect me.
                  • SkyWednesday, October 16, 2019 at 3:54 pm
                    That is soooooooo cool
                    • LaurenWednesday, October 16, 2019 at 3:24 pm
                      Technically the Vikings discovered North America first...