New Mexico, Vermont, And Maine Replace Columbus Day With Indigenous Peoples' Day

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US cities and states are increasingly renaming Columbus Day to Indigenous Peoples' Day (Credit: Kotatv.com)

Celebrated annually on the second Monday in October, Columbus Day honors Italian explorer Christopher Columbus's discovery of America. However, the federal holiday, which will be observed on October 14, 2019, has long drawn criticism due to the European settlers' brutal treatment of the Native American people. It has also been argued that America had already been "discovered" by the indigenous people when Columbus arrived.

Hence, Columbus Day, which has been unofficially celebrated since 1792 and a national holiday since 1934, has always been somewhat controversial. Some states like Oregon, Iowa, and Nebraska have never observed it. South Dakota renamed it "Native American Day" in 1990, while Hawaii has called the holiday "Discoverers' Day" — in honor of the state’s Polynesian founders — since 1988. As public awareness has increased, numerous schools and universities across the country have also stopped marking the event. A 2015 survey conducted by the Pew Research Center found that Columbus Day was the most inconsistently-observed US holiday.

New Mexico, Vermont, and Maine became the latest states to adopt Indigenous Peoples' Day (Credit: indianyouth.org)

Even so, many people were still upset that Columbus Day remained an official federal holiday. A 1977 delegation of Native nations at the International Conference on Discrimination Against Indigenous Populations in the Americas proposed renaming Columbus Day to "Indigenous Peoples’ Day." They believed renaming the holiday would help honor the victims of American colonization.

Though the resolution passed by an overwhelming majority, it took 15 years for the first city — Berkeley, CA — to rename Columbus Day to Indigenous Peoples’ Day in 1992. The coastal city of Santa Cruz, CA, followed shortly after, in 1994. The movement lost steam again until 2014, when Minneapolis, MN, Grand Rapids, MN, and Seattle, WA, decided to adopt the change. Since then, over 70 cities and states, as well as numerous universities nationwide, have switched to the new name. In 2019, three more states —New Mexico, Vermont, and Maine — voted in the name change as well.

Dia De La Raza celebrates Hispanic heritage and culture (Credit: Sociedad Dominicana de Cardiologia/Facebook)

The movement has also gained ground in Latin America. Argentina, Colombia, Chile, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Honduras, Mexico, and Uruguay have all renamed Columbus Day to “Dia de la Raza,” or “Day of the Race." It celebrates Latin America's mixed indigenous and European heritage and culture. In Venezuela and Nicaragua, the day is referred to as"Dia de la Resistencia Indígena," or "Indigenous Resistance Day," in acknowledgment of the past and ongoing struggles of the indigenous population.

As would be expected, not everyone believes a name change is necessary. Italian Americans, who have made Columbus Day the centerpiece of Italian Heritage Month, celebrated throughout October, argue the holiday honors the history of immigration, not the explorer. They, therefore, believe the name should be retained or changed to something more suitable, like Italian Heritage Day. What do you think? Be sure to let us know by adding your comments below.

Resources: Wikipedia.org, Independent.com, History.com

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245 Comments
  • the_t_hacker
    the_t_hackerWednesday, November 13, 2019 at 1:49 pm
    I'm Puerto Rican and Columbus was bad to the Taino Indians (my ancestors). I like that they changed the name.
    • EG.🤔Monday, November 11, 2019 at 1:47 pm
      Honor American heratige!🙉
      • Meme BoiSaturday, November 9, 2019 at 9:16 am
        I hate Columbus, he didn't even land on India, he landed on Cuba and "found" America.
        • brunoc263
          brunoc263Friday, November 8, 2019 at 6:14 am
          I agree with this
          • Girlsrule139Friday, November 8, 2019 at 6:01 am
            Columbus was downright brutal to the poor Native Americans who did nothing to him.
            • flying_kiwi
              flying_kiwiThursday, November 7, 2019 at 9:30 am
              Despite the fact I have European heritage. I think that my ancestors should have never been so rude! I would become besties with the Native Americans and have a pizza party!
              • deeder
                deederWednesday, November 6, 2019 at 5:57 pm
                i think it should be called Itailan heritage day .i like that better
                • kittysleepyWednesday, November 6, 2019 at 9:48 am
                  O.M.G. wow that is so weird, but it's also really cool!
                  • aydenMonday, November 4, 2019 at 3:19 am
                    that was good
                    • Here we standSunday, November 3, 2019 at 1:10 pm
                      I think we should change it to Italian heritage day and celebrate that,or Indigenous day 😀🤗
                      • brunoc263
                        brunoc263Friday, November 8, 2019 at 6:15 am
                        I think so to