Rare Nazi WWII Enigma Machine Discovered In The Baltic Sea

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A rare Enigma machine used by Nazi Germany during World War II was found on the Baltic seafloor (Credit: WWF)

In late November 2020, German divers, commissioned by the World Wildlife Foundation to extract abandoned fishing nets from the Baltic seafloor, stumbled upon what appeared to be a pristinely-preserved ancient typewriter. However, a closer look at the rusted, algae-covered contraption revealed that the artifact was far from a typewriter. It was a rare Enigma machine, used by German armed forces to send messages securely during the Second World War.

“I’ve made many exciting and strange discoveries in the past 20 years. But I never dreamed that we would one day find one of the legendary Enigma machines," team leader and underwater archeologist Florian Huber told Reuters.

The encryption device was the brainchild of Dutch resident Hugo Koch, who invented it in 1919 for business purposes. However, at the start of WWII, the German armed forces modified the machine to send and receive coded military messages. Users did not need any special training to use the ingenious contraption. Their communication, written in plain text, was instantly substituted with new letters by the device's rotors. The recipient could easily decode the message using an Enigma device and the precise starting positions of the sender's rotors.

The German army believed their coding system, which was changed daily, was foolproof — and for a while, that appeared to be the case. Fortunately, in 1940, a team led by British mathematician and computer scientist Alan Turing gained access to a few Nazi codebooks. This, along with weaknesses discovered in the Enigma code implementation, helped the researchers build the "Bombe machine," which could crack even the most challenging codes. Historians believe the breakthrough, which allowed the Allied Forces to secure control over the Atlantic Ocean, shortened the war by several years and saved hundreds of thousands — if not millions — of lives.

Christian Howe, Florian Huber, and Uli Kunz (L-R) pose with their rare underwater discovery (Credit: WWF)

The artifact recovered by the German divers features three rotors, leading Dr. Jann Witt, a historian from the German Naval Association, to suspect it was thrown overboard from a German warship and not an Unterseeboot ("undersea boat") submarine. The expert told the DPA News Agency that the so-called U-boats, which sank almost 3,000 Allied ships, used the more sophisticated four-rotor Enigma device.

Regardless, WWII Enigma machines are a rare find and highly coveted among private collectors. However, Huber and his team have no intention of profiting from their discovery. The artifact has been donated to an archaeology museum in Germany’s Schleswig-Holstein region and will be placed on public display once restored to its full glory — a process that could take about a year.

Resources: Smithsonianmag.com, Guardian.com, www.wwf.de

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201 Comments
  • annabellew
    annabellewWednesday, January 20, 2021 at 7:37 am
    This is so cool! :)
    • coolgirl888
      coolgirl888Tuesday, January 19, 2021 at 1:00 pm
      Wow
      • cloudynews1515
        cloudynews1515Tuesday, January 19, 2021 at 9:44 am
        FINALLY something with history
        • im5692
          im5692Tuesday, January 19, 2021 at 9:07 am
          this is so cool
          • epicstuff
            epicstuffTuesday, January 19, 2021 at 8:57 am
            wow
            • hamstergirl12
              hamstergirl12Monday, January 18, 2021 at 4:47 pm
              I wonder how these machines worked. This is a very interesting topic I would like to further study.
              • wertqaz
                wertqazMonday, January 18, 2021 at 1:01 pm
                its good that they found it so they can study it
                • thechosenone123
                  thechosenone123Monday, January 18, 2021 at 6:57 pm
                  It IS good that they found it so they can study it and learn more about that time
                • unicorngal
                  unicorngalMonday, January 18, 2021 at 8:04 am
                  It is cool that they found it but the Nazis were terrible people
                  • rachel2
                    rachel2Monday, January 18, 2021 at 7:20 am
                    that nice that they didn't want profit from it.
                    • snowythewolf
                      snowythewolfMonday, January 18, 2021 at 3:02 am
                      Do you think that, once restored, it might be able to be used?