Musician Plays Saxophone While Undergoing Brain Surgery

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Fabbio plays saxophone after tumor is removed ( Photo Credit: University of Rochester/YouTube screenshot)

Asking a patient to hum piano melodies and play an instrument while undergoing brain surgery may sound like a strange request from a doctor. However, that is precisely what a team of brain specialists, led by University of Rochester Medical Center’s Web Pilcher, requested Dan Fabbio to do as they were removing his tumor.

Fabbio’s brain map (Image Credit: U of Rochester)

The chain of events that led to this unprecedented medical feat began in 2015, when the then 25-year-old professional musician was diagnosed with a low-grade brain tumor. Though the swelling was benign, it was located in the part of the brain known to be active when people listen to and make music. "Removing a tumor from the brain can have significant consequences depending upon its location," Pilcher says. "Both the tumor itself and the operation to remove it can damage tissue and disrupt communication between different parts of the brain."

Fabbio, therefore, feared the surgery would cause him to lose his musical ability, which was not just his means of livelihood but also his passion. To prevent that from happening, Pilcher and his colleague Brad Mahon, a cognitive neuroscientist, spent six months mapping the functional and structural organization of the musician’s brain.

They devised numerous tests, including asking Fabbio to listen to piano melodies and hum back the tunes during MRI scans. This enabled the physicians to pinpoint the region that is crucial for music and language processing and create a three-dimensional map of Fabbio's brain.

Though that was a great starting point, it was not a foolproof way to prevent Pilcher and his medical team from inadvertently impacting the area responsible for the young man’s musical talent. The only way to do that was to keep the patient awake and ask him to hum piano melodies during the surgery so that the surgeons could identify the areas to avoid. To ensure Fabbio was accurately repeating the tunes being played to him, they asked Elizabeth Marvin, a professor of music theory at Rochester University's Eastman School of Music, to score each cognitive test in real-time.

Pilcher shows Fabbio his brain map (Photo Credit:

While the surgery went without incident, the real test came when Fabbio was asked play a song on his saxophone. The tune had been modified to ensure that it would not require too much exertion and cause harm to the stitches in the brain. "He played it flawlessly, and when he finished, the entire operating room erupted in applause," says Marvin. "It made you want to cry."

The researchers, who outlined the procedure in detail in the September 11, 2017 issue of Current Biology, say that a year after the groundbreaking surgery, Fabbio’s musical abilities are as good as they were before the tumor formed. The young musician can once again hear melodies in everything — even his electric toothbrush!

Resources:, Current Biology

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Reading Comprehension (9 questions)

  1. What did Web Pilcher request Dan Fabbio do during his brain surgery?
  2. When did Fabbio find out he had a brain tumor?

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Why was it important for Fabio to accurately hum the melodies he...


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"He played it flawlessly, and when he finished, the entire operating room erupted in applause," says Marvin. "It made you want to cry."

In the above sentence, the...

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  • ._.Friday, September 14, 2018 at 8:25 am
    gave him drugs
    • sailor_moon
      sailor_moonWednesday, September 12, 2018 at 9:13 am
      wow how did he not feel everything that they did to him?????
      • theasianarwhaleWednesday, May 16, 2018 at 9:18 am
        why no cat therapy? cat therapy would have cured him up instantly!
        • oofing kidFriday, May 4, 2018 at 12:19 pm
          Man congrats dan you persevered in your brain surgery
          • oofing kidFriday, May 4, 2018 at 12:16 pm
            Wow that must hurt like his brain is out but he is awake
            • :DTuesday, April 10, 2018 at 7:30 am
              pain is just another way to learn
              • LyricWednesday, March 28, 2018 at 10:31 am
                wow that is crazy
                • AllienWednesday, March 28, 2018 at 5:11 am
                  • Unknown kidFriday, March 23, 2018 at 10:31 am
                    • Unknown kidFriday, March 23, 2018 at 10:27 am
                      Really cool

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