How Friday The 13th Got Its Spooky Reputation


Photo Credit:

Tomorrow is Friday the 13th. While the dreaded combination evokes feelings of unease even among non-believers, for the superstitious, it is the unluckiest day of the year. Their intense fear, dubbed friggatriskaidekaphobia, leads to symptoms that range from mild anxiety to a nagging suspicion of bad luck to full-blown panic attacks. While some of the trepidation can be attributed to the namesake movie series, the day’s ill-fated reputation was well-established long before Jason Voorhees, the film’s hockey-masked villain, first appeared on the big screen in 1980.

Some experts think it all starts with the fear of 13 or Triskaidekaphobia. According to University of Delaware associate policy professor Thomas Fernsler, 13 is considered unlucky because it follows the “perfect” number 12. There are, after all, 12 months in a year, 12 zodiac signs, 12 tribes of Israel, 12 apostles of Jesus, etcetera.

Image Credit: Succo via CCO

Folklore historian Donald Dossey attributes the number’s bad reputation to a myth from the time when the Vikings occupied Scandinavia. A dozen gods were enjoying a quiet dinner party in Valhalla, the mythological Norse heaven, when Loki, the god of mischief, walked in uninvited. According to the legend, he instigated Hoder, the blind god of darkness, into killing Balder, the god of joy and gladness. Dorsey says to this day, Nordic residents avoid dinner parties with 13 guests, for fear that one of them will end up dead.

Legend has it that US President Franklin D. Roosevelt hated the date so much that he never traveled on the 13th nor invited just 13 guests to a meal. American author and humorist Mark Twain became a believer after he was left starving as the 13th guest at a party that had catered food for only 12. The French even go as far as 'renting' a special 14th guest, or quatorzieme, to avert bad luck.

Image Credit:

Friday has its own set of problems. According to the Bible, Jesus was crucified on this day. While the date was not the 13th, it was shortly after his final meal, the “Last Supper,” which featured 13 guests, including Judas Iscariot, the apostle who betrayed Jesus to the Sanhedrin for 30 silver coins. Some biblical scholars think that it was on a Friday that Eve tempted Adam with the forbidden fruit, though the date is unknown. The only historical event believed to have occurred on Friday the 13th is the slaying of Adam and Eve’s son Abel by his brother Cain. A more recent tragedy was the sinking of the Costa Concordia, the world’s largest passenger ship, on Friday, January 13th, 2012.

Photo Credit:

Experts estimate that American businesses lose as much as $900 million every time the 13th falls on a Friday because many people avoid getting on airplanes or making substantial purchases like a home or car. Though bad for the economy, the irrational fear does benefit non-believers. Airlines often offer discounted fares and many retail stores have special deals to attract customers to stores. So, instead of cowering in fear, use the dreaded day to firm up your summer travel or buy the game you have been eyeing for so long.

Happy Friday The 13th


Cite Article
Vocabulary List
  • girlpower17
    girlpower17Sunday, February 16, 2020 at 7:42 pm
    Do people really take out the number 13 just because of some silly super stishen??
    • julius101
      julius101Wednesday, December 18, 2019 at 8:30 am
      People get killed on Friday the 13th. Why not sleep in?!?!
      • jasonTuesday, October 29, 2019 at 11:18 am
        I love it so much
        • aaronFriday, October 25, 2019 at 8:25 am
          so friday the 13 th is a regular day?
          • am-olm1
            am-olm1Monday, October 14, 2019 at 9:46 am
            Sadly my grandpa died on Friday the 13th.😢😢
            • girlpower17
              girlpower17Sunday, February 16, 2020 at 7:39 pm
              I feel so bad for you, although I don't believe in bad luck such as Friday the 13th.
              • lpscollie01
                lpscollie01Sunday, November 24, 2019 at 6:04 pm
                Omg they seriously added Jason???
                • lpscollie01
                  lpscollie01Sunday, November 24, 2019 at 6:00 pm
                  I FEEL SO BAD!!!
                • am-olm1
                  am-olm1Monday, October 14, 2019 at 9:45 am
                  Nothing bad has ever happened to me on Friday the 13th!
                  • GenesisSaturday, October 12, 2019 at 3:23 pm
                    Not scary!!!😒😒
                    • lovepup1
                      lovepup1Monday, September 16, 2019 at 2:15 pm
                      that is Taylor Swifts lucky number and mine
                      • Spooky Friday, September 13, 2019 at 8:44 am
                        Why does it only happen on this day why can’t it happen a other day.
                        • Isaiah Friday, September 13, 2019 at 8:38 am