MIT's Mini Cheetah Robots Showcase Their Soccer And Gymnastic Skills


A team of mini cheetah robots entertained MIT students on November 10, 2019 (Credit: MIT)

On November 10, 2019, nine agile mini cheetah robots, built by researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), were let off their leash to demonstrate their superior athletic abilities. The four-legged machines, controlled by their human creators, began with a warm-up run across the field in full formation. They then took turns maneuvering a soccer ball. As often happens in games, a couple of the team members got into a skirmish and jostled with each other until they both fell onto their backs. Fortunately, they reconciled for the grand finale — a perfectly synchronized backflip, one that would make even a world-class gymnast like Simone Biles proud!

First unveiled in March 2019, the robots are mini versions of the larger and heavier Cheetah 3, which was introduced in 2014. The inventors at MIT's Biomimetics Robotics department say though they may resemble their predecessors, the new four-legged machines are much more resilient and "virtually indestructible." Weighing in at just 20 pounds (9 kilograms), the limber robots can bend and swing their legs wide, giving them the ability to walk either right-side-up or upside down. They can also traverse through uneven terrain at about twice the speed of an average person's walking pace. As showcased on November 10, the machines can quickly right themselves if kicked to the ground and perform incredible 360-degree backflips from a standing position.

The mini cheetah robots are much more resilient than their larger, heavier predecessor: the Cheetah 3 (Credit: MIT)

Unlike the Cheetah 3, the mini robots are built using cheap, easy to find, modular parts. This means that if a limb or motor breaks, it can be easily replaced using off-shelf parts. “In Cheetah 3, everything is super integrated, so if you want to change something, you have to do a ton of redesign,” says lead developer Benjamin Katz. “Whereas with the mini cheetah, if you wanted to add another arm, you could just add three or four more of these modular motors." He adds, "You could put these parts together, almost like Legos."

The team, which currently has ten of the four-legged machines, plans to build additional units and loan them, in sets of ten, to other university robotic labs. “A big part of why we built this robot is that it makes it so easy to experiment and just try crazy things, because the robot is super robust and doesn’t break easily, and if it does break, it’s easy and not very expensive to fix,” says Katz.

MIT researchers hope to distribute teams of the mini cheetah robots to other university researchers (Credit: MIT)

He believes this will enable other engineers to teach the robots different skills. “Eventually, I’m hoping we could have a robotic dog race through an obstacle course, where each team controls a mini cheetah with different algorithms, and we can see which strategy is more effective,” Katz says. “That’s how you accelerate research.”

The MIT team's reason for developing the robots extends beyond entertainment. They hope that some day packs of "cheetahs" will assist first responders with search and recovery missions following natural disasters like earthquakes and tornadoes, work alongside firefighters, and even respond to military emergencies.


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  • gmangametigers
    gmangametigersWednesday, February 5, 2020 at 6:27 am
    THEY ARE SO COOL AND FUNNY (even when they are flipped over)
    • 4usa
      4usaTuesday, January 28, 2020 at 10:07 am
      Robot 's are cool but what's the point in them do the fun stuff for you.
      • ransomplays
        ransomplaysMonday, January 27, 2020 at 1:12 pm
        • bobypandas123
          bobypandas123Thursday, January 23, 2020 at 7:02 am
          WOW there are so cool I wish I hand one
          • angbee
            angbeeTuesday, January 21, 2020 at 8:10 am
            • caticorn62309
              caticorn62309Thursday, February 6, 2020 at 2:34 pm
              Yeah it is so cool😎
            • gggggggamer101
              gggggggamer101Saturday, January 18, 2020 at 11:28 am
              there so cool :D
              • bigmac2563
                bigmac2563Thursday, January 16, 2020 at 1:12 pm
                how are they cute in any context
                • watermelongirl3
                  watermelongirl3Tuesday, January 14, 2020 at 10:15 am
                  they are pretty cute but they are headless
                  • sianpuppy
                    sianpuppyMonday, January 13, 2020 at 6:25 am
                    this is great
                    • sogusele-157003053491
                      sogusele-157003053491Friday, January 10, 2020 at 10:02 am
                      I like robots but some day their going to take over are jobs.