On January 25, 2020, over 1.6 billion people of Asian descent across the globe will celebrate the first day of the Chinese New Year — China's grandest festival and longest public holiday. Also known as the Lunar New Year, or Spring Festival, it is observed on the first day of the lunar calendar, the dates of which fall somewhere between January 21 and February 20 annually.
The over 3,000-year-old festival is believed to have begun after some villagers chased away a terrifying monster called the Nian with loud noises, fire, and red banners on the eve of the Lunar New Year. In China, the new year celebrations now last 15 days and result in the world's largest human migration, as millions of city dwellers take advantage of the mandatory seven day holiday and return home to spend time with family and friends.
This year's celebration kicked-off on January 17, 2020, with Little Year or "Xiaonian" — a day for memorial and prayer ceremonies. One of the most popular traditions on this day is burning a paper image of Zao Jun, the Kitchen God. This simple act is believed to dispatch the Kitchen God's soul to heaven, where it can give a recap of the family's conduct over the previous year. The deity is welcomed back into the home with a new image pasted near the cooking range and a delectable feast, mostly comprising treats like sweet bean paste, fruits, and barley sugar. This is to ensure that Zao Jun's spirit reports only positive things about the family the following year.
Many people also use the occasion to spring clean homes to sweep away bad luck, and hang spring couplets — red decorations hung in pairs — on doorways for prosperity. Since red is believed to bring good fortune, the color is prominently featured in everything from clothing to the lanterns used to decorate residences.
The festivities will begin in earnest on the night of January 24, 2020, with a family dinner to welcome those who have traveled long distances and endured th
The two-week-long celebration will end on February 8, 2020 — the day of the full moon — with the Lantern Festival. In addition to hanging lanterns in homes and temples, many also pray for their family's
Every Chinese year is dedicated to one of twelve animals, which are believed to One popular tale credits the fun custom to theRat, Ox, Tiger, Rabbit, Dragon, Snake, Horse, Sheep, Monkey, Rooster, Dog, and Pig —
2020 is the Year of the Rat, the first animal in the 12-year zodiac rotation. The smart animal purportedly won the race by convincing the mighty Ox to give it a ride across the fast-flowing river, before sneakily jumping over its head to cross the finish line. 1924, 1936, 1948, 1960, 1972, 1984, 1996, 2008 and 2020. "Rat" people are optimistic, energetic, and extremely popular. Though kind, they lack good communication skills and hence often come across as impolite and rude.
Although a person's zodiac year is traditionally considered their unluckiest,
Hawaii-based veteran astrologer Cathryn Moe predicts the Chinese zodiac's most auspicious sign will be good for everyone as well — particularly businesses and entrepreneurs. “People will develop their skills and move toward things they are aligned with, bringing hopeful ideas into practice,” Moe says. “Obstacles will not be a hindrance, and challenges will pull the best out of everyone.”
While commonly called “Chinese New Year,” the festival is also celebrated by the residents of Thailand and Singapore. Though Vietnam’s New Year celebration called “Tet,” follows similar traditions, the festivities last only seven days.
Xin Nian Kuai Le! (Happy New Year!)
Resources: China.org.cn, www.cits.net, wikipedia.org, telegraph.co.uk, chinesefortunecalender.net, Chinesenewyear.net<