The Significance And Traditions Of The Holy Month Of Ramadan


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Ramadan is the holiest month in the Islamic calendar (Credit: Sanimdesigns/ CC-BY-SA-2.0/ Pixabay)

Ramadan is the ninth and most sacred month in the Islamic lunar calendar. During this month, Jibril (the archangel Gabriel in the Judeo-Christian faith) revealed the first verses of the Quran — Islam's holy text — to Prophet Muhammad. The holy month's start is based on the appearance of the young crescent Moon. This year, Ramadan will begin at sundown on March 22nd or 23rd, depending on when the Moon is seen.

Fasting during Ramadan is one of the five pillars, or duties, of Islam. Healthy adult Muslims and children over 14 do not eat or drink anything from dawn to dusk. The temporary denial of nourishment is believed to renew awareness and gratitude for everything Allāh (God) has provided. It also helps develop empathy for the poor.

Fasting during Ramadan is the fourth pillar of Islam ( Credit: Xxedcxx/ CC-BY 3.0/ Wikimedia Commons)

Observers rise before dawn to eat their first meal. Known as Suhoor or Suhur, it includes a variety of protein-rich traditional foods, fresh fruits, and vegetables. Morning prayers follow the feast. After that, everyone goes about their regular daily routine.

Most Muslims break the fast at sunset by eating a few dates. This is what Prophet Muhammad ate when he broke his fast. Observers then pray for five to 15 minutes before settling down for the day's second and final meal. Known as Iftar, the feast is usually enjoyed with extended family members and friends. Many mosques also host Iftar gatherings.

Iftar is followed by the night prayer called Taraweeh. Derived from the Arabic word meaning "to rest and relax," it is a form of Islamic meditation. Taraweeh prayers are usually held at a mosque. They involve reading portions of the Quran and performing rak’ahs — cycles of movement in Islamic prayer. The prayers can last up to two hours.

A traditional Iftar meal (Credit: Miansari66/ Public Domain)

Ramadan ends with the sighting of a New Moon. This typically happens after 29 to 30 days. This year, Ramadan is expected to end at sundown on April 21. The month of fasting and prayers is followed by Eid al-Fitr, or the "festival of breaking the fast." The celebrations can last up to three days. They begin with group prayers to thank Allāh for providing endurance and strength during the holy month. Observers then enjoy a celebratory feast with family and friends or community members. Eid is like Christmas for Muslim children. Many receive money or gifts from their elders.

Charitable giving, or Zakat, believed to purify one's wealth, is the third pillar of Islam. Muslims are required to donate 2.5 percent of the wealth acquired over the previous lunar year. Most people give the mandatory donation during the auspicious month of Ramadan. Those who do not meet the minimum wealth provision, or Nisab, offer sweet bread and dates instead.

Ramadan Mubarak!



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  • halalboy199
    halalboy199about 2 months
    Today, April 20th is the last day of fasting of Ramadan for me and over 1.7B Muslims!
    • kucobenorake
      Iheartdogs 6624about 2 months
      I really like this article! It's very acurate
      • sagynidu-167413339789
        sagynidu-167413339789about 2 months
        I'm doing this for a school project.
        • benben15
          benben152 months
          My "bestie's-friend because of her religion" is Muslim and celebrates this. I'm so glad they made an article about this. I don't celebrate this, though.
          • jacksax
            jacksax2 months
            My dad wakes me up at 3.00am to eat and drink and at 4.30am I have to prey to my god which is Allah an ya I don't eat or on till 8.00pm and I can eat and drink I ha to do something now bye have a nice day
            • missaesthetic
              That's really cool! I would love to try fasting, the concept really intrigues me!
            • kali123
              kali1232 months
              🤩 wow
              • rihanna12345
                rihanna123452 months
                That is so cool!
                • 4bigguys
                  4bigguys2 months
                  that's pretty cool im doing this for school.
                  • charlottebetrix
                    I think everybody should read this article it's really cool
                    • sashasscool
                      sashasscool2 months
                      We just had a lesson on Ramadan in class! So intersting! Love learning about different cultures!